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AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution
Advisory (icsa-20-203-01) Wibu-Systems CodeMeter
19 October 2020
AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
Product: Wibu-Systems CodeMeter
Operating System: Network Appliance
Impact/Access: Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Denial of Service -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Modify Arbitrary Files -- Existing Account
Create Arbitrary Files -- Remote with User Interaction
Access Confidential Data -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Reduced Security -- Remote/Unauthenticated
CVE Names: CVE-2020-16233 CVE-2020-14519 CVE-2020-14517
CVE-2020-14515 CVE-2020-14513 CVE-2020-14509
Revision History: October 19 2020: ICS-CERT released "Update C" with additional vendor security advisories
October 2 2020: us-cert issued an Update B (includes Affected Products - section 4.1)
September 9 2020: Initial Release
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ICS Advisory (ICSA-20-203-01)
Wibu-Systems CodeMeter (Update C)
Original release date: October 15, 2020
All information products included in https://us-cert.gov/ics are provided"as
is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained
within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in
this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by
the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information
about TLP, see https://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/ .
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
o CVSS v3 10.0
o ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
o Vendor: Wibu-Systems AG
o Equipment: CodeMeter
o Vulnerabilities: Buffer Access with Incorrect Length Value, Inadequate
Encryption Strength, Origin Validation Error, Improper Input Validation,
Improper Verification of Cryptographic Signature, Improper Resource
Shutdown or Release
2. UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the advisory update titled
ICSA-20-203-01 Wibu-Systems CodeMeter (Update A) that was published September
17, 2020, to the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to
alter and forge a license file, cause a denial-of-service condition,
potentially attain remote code execution, read heap data, and prevent normal
operation of third-party software dependent on the CodeMeter.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of CodeMeter Runtime, a license manager, are affected:
o All versions prior to 7.10a are affected by CVE-2020-14509 and
o All versions prior to 7.10a are affected by CVE-2020-14517
o All versions prior to 7.10 are affected by CVE-2020-16233
o All versions prior to 6.81 are affected by CVE-2020-14513
o All versions prior to 6.90 are affected by CVE-2020-14515 when using
CmActLicense update files with CmActLicense Firm Code
This license manager is used in products by many different vendors. As new
instances are discovered/reported, they will be added to this list of affected
4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
4.2.1 BUFFER ACCESS WITH INCORRECT LENGTH VALUE CWE-805
Multiple memory corruption vulnerabilities exist where the packet parser
mechanism does not verify length fields. An attacker could send specially
crafted packets to exploit these vulnerabilities.
CVE-2020-14509 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
10.0 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/
4.2.2 INADEQUATE ENCRYPTION STRENGTH CWE-326
Protocol encryption can be easily broken and the server accepts external
connections, which may allow an attacker to remotely communicate with the
CVE-2020-14517 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
9.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
4.2.3 ORIGIN VALIDATION ERROR CWE-346
This vulnerability allows an attacker to use the internal WebSockets API via a
specifically crafted Java Script payload, which may allow alteration or
creation of license files when combined with CVE-2020-14515.
CVE-2020-14519 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
8.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/
4.2.4 IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20
CodeMeter and the software using it may crash while processing a specifically
crafted license file due to unverified length fields.
CVE-2020-14513 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
4.2.5 IMPROPER VERIFICATION OF CRYPTOGRAPHIC SIGNATURE CWE-347
There is an issue in the license-file signature checking mechanism, which
allows attackers to build arbitrary license files, including forging a valid
license file as if it were a valid license file of an existing vendor. Only
CmActLicense update files with CmActLicense Firm Code are affected.
CVE-2020-14515 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
7.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:L/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/
4.2.6 IMPROPER RESOURCE SHUTDOWN OR RELEASE CWE-404
An attacker could send a specially crafted packet that could have the server
send back packets containing data from the heap.
CVE-2020-16233 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of
7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is ( AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/
o CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple
o COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
o COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Sharon Brizinov and Tal Keren of Claroty reported these vulnerabilities to
Wibu-Systems recommends the following:
o Update to the latest version of the CodeMeter Runtime.
o Run CodeMeter only as client.
o Utilize the new REST API instead of the internal WebSockets API.
o Disable the WebSockets API.
o Apply AxProtector.
For more information please see Wibu-Systems' security advisories:
o Deutsch: https://www.wibu.com/de/support/security-advisories.html
o English: https://www.wibu.com/en/support/security-advisories.html
For more information on products dependent on the affected CodeMeter see the
following vendor security advisories:
o ABB: CodeMeter Vulnerabilities
o Bosch: BOSCH-SA-231483
o CODESYS: Security Advisory 2020-06
o COPA-DATA: CD_SVA_2020_1
o Pepperl+Fuchs: VDE-2020-034
o Phoenix Contact: VDE-2020-030
o PILZ: VDE-2020-033
o Rockwell: Knowledgebase Article ID 1127863 (Login Required)
o Siemens: SSA-455843
o WAGO: VDE-2020-032
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o Schneider Electric: SEVD-2020-287-02
o WEIDMUELLER: VDE-2020-041
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CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of
exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
o Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems,
and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet .
o Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and
isolate them from the business network.
o When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private
Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should
be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN
is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk
assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices
on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov . Several recommended practices are available
for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems
Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies .
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available
on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper,
ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their
established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking
and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by
choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.
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