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AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution
Intel Processors Load Value Injection Advisory
11 March 2020
AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
Product: Intel processors
Operating System: Windows
UNIX variants (UNIX, Linux, OSX)
Impact/Access: Access Privileged Data -- Existing Account
CVE Names: CVE-2020-0551
Comment: This is another MDS-style vulnerability.
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Intel Processors Load Value Injection Advisory
Intel ID: INTEL-SA-00334
Advisory Category: Hardware
Impact of vulnerability : Information Disclosure
Severity rating : MEDIUM
Original release: 03/10/2020
Last revised: 03/10/2020
Potential security vulnerabilities in some Intel Processors may allow
information disclosure. Intel and others are releasing software updates to
mitigate these potential vulnerabilities.
Description: Load value injection in some Intel(R) Processors utilizing
speculative execution may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable
information disclosure via a side channel with local access.
CVSS Base Score: 5.6 Medium
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N
A list of impacted products can be found here .
To mitigate the potential exploits of Load Value Injection (LVI) on platforms
and applications utilizing Intel SGX, Intel is releasing updates to the SGX
Platform Software (PSW) and SDK starting today. The Intel SGX SDK includes
guidance on how to mitigate LVI for Intel SGX application developers. Intel has
likewise worked with our industry partners to make application compiler options
available and will conduct an SGX TCB Recovery. Refer to Intel SGX Attestation
Technical Details for more information on SGX TCB Recovery.
Intel recommends the following steps:
Impacted system users:
o Ensure the latest Intel SGX PSW 22.214.171.124 or above for Windows and
126.96.36.199 or above for Linux is installed
SGX Application Providers:
o Review the technical details provided here and follow the recommendation.
o Intel is releasing an SGX SDK update to assist the SGX application provider
in updating their enclave code. To apply the mitigation, SDK version
188.8.131.52 or above for Windows and 184.108.40.206 or above for Linux should be
o Increase the Security Version Number (ISVSVN) of the enclave application to
reflect that these modifications are in place.
o For solutions that utilize Remote Attestation, refer to the Intel SGX
Attestation Technical Details to determine if you need to implement changes
to your SGX application for the purpose of SGX attestation.
The required SGX PSW and SDK versions are available today through the download
The latest Windows SGX PSW and SDK can be found here: https://
The latest Linux SGX PSW and SDK can be found here: https://01.org/
Intel is not currently aware of any load value injection-specific universal or
non universal gadget for Operating System from Application, VMM from VM,
between guests in Virtualized environments, between different application and
inside an application and is not releasing additional mitigations for these
environments. As a best practice, Intel recommends that users update to the
latest Operating System and VMM provided by your system vendors. For
application developers or system administrators that wish to consider
additional mitigations tailored to their specific threat models, additional
information is available here , which contains additional technical details
about this issue and mitigations.
Intel would like to thank Jo Van Bulck from imec-DistriNet, KU Leuven who first
reported this issue to us. Intel would like to thank all researchers involved
in this academic paper for adhering to coordinated disclosure.
Intel would like to thank Dan Lutas and Anderi Lutas from BitDefender who
subsequently reported a variant of LVI to us.
Intel, and nearly the entire technology industry, follows a disclosure practice
called Coordinated Disclosure, under which a cybersecurity vulnerability is
generally publicly disclosed only after mitigations are available.
Revision Date Description
1.0 03/10/2020 Initial Release
Legal Notices and Disclaimers
Intel provides these materials as-is, with no express or implied warranties.
All products, dates, and figures specified are preliminary based on current
expectations, and are subject to change without notice.
Intel, processors, chipsets, and desktop boards may contain design defects or
errors known as errata, which may cause the product to deviate from published
specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request.
Intel technologies features and benefits depend on system configuration and
may require enabled hardware, software or service activation. Performance
varies depending on system configuration. No computer system can be absolutely
secure. Check with your system manufacturer or retailer or learn more at https:
Some results have been estimated or simulated using internal Intel analysis or
architecture simulation or modeling, and provided to you for informational
purposes. Any differences in your system hardware, software or configuration
may affect your actual performance.
Intel and the Intel logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United
States and other countries.
*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Copyright (C) Intel Corporation 2020
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