Hash: SHA1

             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

                          ESB-2008.0883 -- [Win]
           InstallShield / Macrovision / Acresso FLEXnet Connect
                 insecurely retrieves and executes scripts
                             24 September 2008


        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary

Product:              InstallShield / Macrovision / Acresso FLEXnet Connect
Publisher:            US-CERT
Operating System:     Windows
Impact:               Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands
Access:               Remote/Unauthenticated
CVE Names:            CVE-2008-1093

Original Bulletin:    http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/837092

Revision History:  September 24 2008: Added CVE Name
                   September 17 2008: Initial Release

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Vulnerability Note VU#837092

InstallShield / Macrovision / Acresso FLEXnet Connect insecurely retrieves 
and executes scripts


Acresso FLEXnet Connect executes scripts that are insecurely retrieved 
from a remote web server, which can allow a remote, unauthenticated 
attacker to execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable system.

I. Description

Acresso FLEXnet Connect is a software package that allows vendors to 
provide updates to applications. FLEXnet Connect-enabled software has the 
ability to

    * Check for updates from the software publisher
    * Receive update files and messages from the software publisher
    * Install software updates, including the ability to do so silently
    * Collect and transmit system information, such as machine name, 
      operating system, IP address, or other hardware details, such as 
      network or video card properties
    * Log and transmit each time an application is started, terminated, or 
      when a specific feature within the application is used

Acresso FLEXnet Connect was formerly known as Macrovision FLEXnet Connect, 
and before that it was known as InstallShield Update Service.

The FLEXnet Connect client software communicates with centralized servers to 
check for updates and other product information on a periodic basis. Updates 
can also be triggered by using Internet Explorer to visit a web page that 
uses the FLEXnet Connect ActiveX control, which is provided by agent.exe. 
When connecting to the server, the client can receive special instructions 
(rules) to assist in evaluating whether an update is relevant. These 
instructions are provided by a GetRules.asp page on a web server. These 
rules are presented in a scripting language, such as VBScript.

FLEXnet Connect retrieves rules insecurely in that it uses unsigned and 
unencrypted communication using the HTTP protocol, which can allow an 
attacker to inject code that will be executed on the client system. This 
can happen in a number of ways, including

   1. Compromising the FLEXnet Connect servers directly.
   2. Filtering client system traffic through a malicious proxy.
   3. Compromising DNS servers or otherwise modifying the host name lookup 
      methodology of a client system.

Depending on how the vendor has configured the FLEXnet Connect components, 
the check for updates may occur on a periodic basis, every time an 
application is launched, when a user checks for updates manually, or if a 
web page that uses the FLEXnet ActiveX control is visited. Any software 
that has been packaged with the vulnerable InstallShield, Macrovision, or 
Acresso components may be vulnerable.

II. Impact
By modifying the rule script that is sent to a FLEXnet Connect client, a 
remote unauthenticated attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code on a 
vulnerable system.

III. Solution
We are currently unaware of a practical solution to this problem. Please 
consider the following workarounds:

Restrict access to GetRules.asp

Enterprises that have proxy capabilities could disable access to the 
GetRules.asp URLs that are used to download the script instructions, 
however this may have consequences to programs that depend on the rules 
for determining patch applicability.

Disable the DWUpdateService ActiveX control in Internet Explorer

The vulnerable ActiveX control can be disabled in Internet Explorer by 
setting the kill bit for the following CLSIDs:


More information about how to set the kill bit is available in Microsoft 
Support Document 240797. Alternatively, the following text can be saved 
as a .REG file and imported to set the kill bit for this control:

      Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

      [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{551E5190-19C7-4626-9D54-FB20355E6467}]
      "Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

      [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{8D9BB053-FEE5-4411-B6F5-F1E37DDC3106}]
      "Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

      [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{EE4E49B0-38EC-4C23-A7A6-2E190B5E3418}]
      "Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

      [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{FFF2D28F-E4EE-44D9-8104-8E71556757F6}]
      "Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

Note that this list of CLSIDs may not be complete. Different versions of 
FLEXnet Connect or InstallShield Update Service use different CLSIDs for 
the ActiveX control that can be used to trigger updates.

Restrict access to the FLEXnet Conect client components

The vulnerable update components can be disabled by restricting access to 
the ISSCH.EXE and ISUSPM.EXE components on Microsoft Windows Systems. These 
executable files are for the InstallShield Update Service Scheduler and the 
Macrovision FLEXnet Connect Update Manager, respectively. These programs 
are used to periodically check for software updates using FLEXnet Connect.
 Users may also wish to rename the 
"\Program Files\Common Files\InstallShield\UpdateService" or related 
UpdateManager folders of other products to prevent automated execution of 
these programs until a fix is provided. Note that this may interfere with a 
product's ability to retrieve updates, including security fixes.

Disable ActiveX

Disabling ActiveX controls in the Internet Zone (or any zone used by an 
attacker) appears to prevent exploitation of this and other ActiveX 
vulnerabilities. Instructions for disabling ActiveX in the Internet Zone 
can be found in the "Securing Your Web Browser" document. 

Systems Affected
Vendor	                  Status	        Date Updated
Acresso	                  Vulnerable	        16-Sep-2008
Corel Corporation	  Vulnerable	        16-Sep-2008
InstallShield	          Vulnerable	        16-Sep-2008
Intel Corporation	  Not Vulnerable	16-Sep-2008
Macrovision	          Vulnerable	        15-Sep-2008
Roxio	                  Vulnerable	        16-Sep-2008




Thanks to Brian Dowling of Simplicity Communications for reporting this 

This document was written by Will Dormann.
Other Information
Date Public	        16/09/2008
Date First Published	16/09/2008 13:48:11
Date Last Updated	16/09/2008
CERT Advisory	 
CVE-ID(s)	        CVE-2008-1093
NVD-ID(s)	        CVE-2008-1093
US-CERT Technical Alerts	 
Metric	9.90
Document Revision	28

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