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-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- =========================================================================== AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution ESB-98.108 -- CIAC Bulletin I-067 AutoStart 9805 Macintosh Worm Virus 9 July 1998 =========================================================================== The U.S. Department of Energy Computer Incident Advisory Capability has released the following advisory concerning the spread of the Autostart 9805 worm virus among PowerPC systems running MacOS or later versions. Autostart 9805 spreads itself through HFS or HFS+ volumes. The virus overwrites some data files and produces denial of service charactertics. The following security bulletin is provided as a service to AusCERT's members. As AusCERT did not write this document, AusCERT has had no control over its content. As such, the decision to use any or all of this information is the responsibility of each user or organisation, and should be done so in accordance with site policies and procedures. NOTE: This is only the original release of the security bulletin. It will not be updated when the original bulletin is. If downloading at a later date, it is recommended that the bulletin is retrieved from the original authors to ensure that the information is still current. Contact information for CIAC is included in the Security Bulletin below. If you have any questions or need further information, please contact them directly. Previous advisories and external security bulletins can be retrieved from: http://www.auscert.org.au/Information/advisories.html If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact AusCERT or your representative in FIRST (Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams). Internet Email: email@example.com Facsimile: (07) 3365 7031 Telephone: (07) 3365 4417 (International: +61 7 3365 4417) AusCERT personnel answer during Queensland business hours which are GMT+10:00 (AEST). On call after hours for emergencies. - --------------------------BEGIN INCLUDED TEXT-------------------- - -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- __________________________________________________________ The U.S. Department of Energy Computer Incident Advisory Capability ___ __ __ _ ___ / | /_ / \___ __|__ / \___ __________________________________________________________ INFORMATION BULLETIN AutoStart 9805 Macintosh Worm Virus July 6, 1998 16:00 GMT Number I-067 ______________________________________________________________________________ PROBLEM: CIAC has become aware of several instances world-wide where a Autostart 9805 worm virus is spreading itself among PowerPC systems running MacOS or later versions. The virus Autostart 9805 spreads itself through HFS or HFS+ volumes. Autostart 9805 overwrites some data files and produces denial of service charactertics. PLATFORM: Machintosh PowerPC running MacOS or later. DAMAGE: Adds invisible files to all disk partitions, causes excessive network traffic, causes excessive disk access activity, overwrites some data files. SOLUTION: Purchase or upgrade to the most current anti-virus software or follow the instructions in the Removal and Recovery section. ______________________________________________________________________________ VULNERABILITY The Autostart 9805 worm virus has infected hosts in numerous ASSESSMENT: locations throughout the world. ______________________________________________________________________________ The Macintosh world has been largely free of new Mac-specific viruses and their kin over the past few years. The last real virus to emerge was in April of 1994, when the INIT-29-B virus appeared. In 1995, we saw the Hypercard HC-9507 virus appear, and the first Microsoft Word macro virus. Thereafter, except for residual infections of old viruses, the only worrisome Macintosh-specific malware for almost 3 years have been macro viruses of Microsoft software. (Contrast this with as many as ten thousand new viruses for that other PC platform in the same time period.) Our respite has ended for the time-being. New Macintosh Worm Discovered (Autostart 9805) 4 May 1998 Virus: Autostart 9805 Damage: Adds invisible files to every disk partition and periodically causes extensive disk activity (and network activity if network disks are mounted). Will overwrite some data files with random data. Spread: PowerPC systems running the MacOS or later and with mounted HFS or HFS+ volumes. Initial infection usually requires QuickTime 2.0 or above installed. ==== Autostart-9805 is technically a worm program. It does not change any existing program or file to spread itself. Instead, it copies itself to other disk partitions so that it becomes active on other systems. The first reported appearances of this software were in Hong Kong, and it has spread very rapidly among the desktop publishing (DTP) community there. The worm can be transmitted via almost any HFS or HFS+ disk volume, including floppy disks, most removable cartridges drives, MO disks, CD-WORM disks, hard disks and even disk images. The code requires a PowerPC-based system running MacOS -- a 68K-based system will fail to run the code. The worm will also spread across networks to any mounted network file partition. Infected disks contain an invisible application file named "DB" (type 'APPL', creator '????', with the "invisible" attribute set) in the root directory, with autostart set. When the infected disk is mounted on a PowerPC MacOS system running QuickTime 2.0 or later, the "DB" application is launched automatically if the AutoStart feature is enabled in QuickTime. It then copies itself to the Extensions folder of the active System. It changes the name of the copy to "Desktop Print Spooler" and the type to 'appe' (do NOT confuse this file with the visible and legitimate "Desktop Printer Spooler" extension); the worm file is also invisible, and when running is not shown in the applications menu. It then restarts the computer system. The worm, in the form of the invisible application in the extension folder, is automatically launched whenever the computer system starts up. About every thirty minutes, it examines the mounted volumes. If any are not already infected, it attempts to infect them by copying itself to the root directory (renamed back to "DB" and type 'APPL') and setting up the AutoStart field in the boot block. Most writable volumes are successfully infected. The notable exception is server volumes, which do not have the necessary boot block fields for AutoStart. The worm file is copied to writable server volumes, but it does not get launched when the volume is mounted. Note that once the extension version of the worm is in place, turning off QuickTime makes no difference -- the virus will continue to load and spread as a result of being activated at system boot time. Damage After checking the mounted volumes for infection, the worm begins searching for certain files on each disk. Files ending with "data", "cod", and "csa" (case insensitive) are targeted if the data fork is larger than 100 bytes. Files ending with "dat" are targeted if they are larger than about 2 Mbytes (resource + data forks). When a targeted file is found, it is damaged by overwriting the data fork (up to approximately the first 1 Mbyte) with garbage. The first byte is always set to zero, and this serves as a flag to bypass the file on subsequent passes. Symptoms The worm has numerous symptoms that make it reasonably easy to identify: 1) The system unexpectedly restarts after mounting a diskette or other volume. This will only happen when the initial infection occurs. 2) The "DB" application name flashes briefly in the menu bar when a disk is mounted. 3) The presence of an invisible application file named "DB" on the root of disk volumes, or the invisible "Desktop Print Spooler" file in the extensions folder. Any file or disk utility program (such as ResEdit) that shows invisible files in its file selection dialogs can be used to check for the files. Be sure not to confuse the legitimate "Desktop Printer Spooler" file with the worm. 4) A process named "Desktop Print Spooler" is found (use Process Watcher or Macsbug). 5) Extensive, unexplained disk activity every 30 minutes. Prevention The risk of infection can be effectively eliminated by manually disabling the AutoStart option in the QuickTime Settings Control Panel. This will not help if the system is already infected. It will also not prevent an infected Mac from creating the invisible "DB" files on any partitions you share with them on a network. Versions of QuickTime prior to 2.5 do not seem to have a way to disable autoplay. You should disable QuickTime or upgrade to a recent version if you have an old release. Note: recent versions of QuickTime also have an "Enable Audio CD AutoPlay" option. This option can be left on. Note that disabling the autostart feature does not have any affect on the normal operation of QuickTime, and can be safely turned off. Removal & Recovery Most of the major anti-virus developers have prepared updates to their software. The remaining vendors will undoubtedly have updates soon. Users are *strongly* encouraged to run current, up-to-date anti-virus software, and to regularly incorporate vendor-supplied updates. In the absence of such software, you can remove the virus using the following steps. However, you will need to restore damaged data files from backups (you *do* make regular backups, don't you?). 1) Reboot your system with extensions off. (Reboot while pressing the shift key.) 2) Start the Apple "Find File" utility. Use it to search all volumes for files whose name is exactly "DB" and which are invisible. (To select for visibility, hold down the option key when clicking on the "Name" pop-up menu; use "more choices" to select both search criteria.) Drag found files from the Find window to the trash. 3) Search again, for the "Desktop Print Spooler" file. Delete it also. (Be sure to NOT delete the legitimate "Desktop Printer Spooler"!!). 4) Empty the trash. 5) Open the "QuickTime Settings" control panel and disable autostart unless there is some significant reason you need it. 6) Restart. Commercial Updates Tool: Disinfectant Status: Freeware (courtesy of John Norstad and Northwestern Univ.) Revision to be released: undecided When available: undecided -- to be determined Where to find: usual archives. Online at <ftp://ftp.nwu.edu/pub/disinfectant/> Comments: Disinfectant does not scan for macro viruses, so it is wise to obtain and use a commercial anti-virus tool. An update may not be produced -- an announcement one way or the other will be made soon. Tool: Dr. Solomon's Anti-virus Toolkit Status: Commercial When available: unknown Where to find: via the AVTK WWW page: <http://www.drsolomon.com/products/avtk/ps_mac.html> Tool: Network Associates VirusScan for the Mac Status: Commercial When available: unknown Tool: SAM (Symmantic Anti-virus for the Mac) Status: Commercial When available: soon Where to find: via <http://www.symantec.com/sam/> Comments: Symantec is working on a solution and will be providing one as soon as possible. Tool: Virex Status: Commerical Version: 05_02_98 and later When available: immediately Where to find: via <http://www.drsolomon.com/products/virex/> Comments: All Virex Protection Service subscribers will automatically receive updates. Other info One comprehensive and useful WWW page of anti-virus information can be found at <http://www.macvirus.com>. A list of WWW-based anti-virus resources may be found at <http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/spaf/hotlists/csec-plain.html#comput00>. ==== If you discover what you believe to be a virus on your Macintosh system, please report it to the vendor/author of your anti-virus software package for analysis. Such reports make early, informed warnings like this one possible for the rest of the Mac community. If you are otherwise unsure of who to contact, you may send e-mail to <firstname.lastname@example.org> as an initial point of contact. Also, be aware that writing and releasing computer viruses or worms is more than a rude and damaging act of vandalism -- it is also a violation of many state and Federal laws in the US, and illegal in several other countries. If you have information concerning the author of this or any other damaging software, please contact your anti-virus software vendor or your national law enforcement agency. Several Mac virus authors have been apprehended thanks to the efforts of the Mac user community, and some have received criminal convictions for their actions. This is yet one more way to help protect your computers. ______________________________________________________________________________ CIAC wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Gene Spafford for the information contained in this bulletin. ______________________________________________________________________________ CIAC, the Computer Incident Advisory Capability, is the computer security incident response team for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the emergency backup response team for the National Institutes of Health (NIH). CIAC is located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California. CIAC is also a founding member of FIRST, the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams, a global organization established to foster cooperation and coordination among computer security teams worldwide. CIAC services are available to DOE, DOE contractors, and the NIH. CIAC can be contacted at: Voice: +1 925-422-8193 FAX: +1 925-423-8002 STU-III: +1 925-423-2604 E-mail: email@example.com For emergencies and off-hour assistance, DOE, DOE contractor sites, and the NIH may contact CIAC 24-hours a day. During off hours (5PM - 8AM PST), call the CIAC voice number 925-422-8193 and leave a message, or call 800-759-7243 (800-SKY-PAGE) to send a Sky Page. CIAC has two Sky Page PIN numbers, the primary PIN number, 8550070, is for the CIAC duty person, and the secondary PIN number, 8550074 is for the CIAC Project Leader. Previous CIAC notices, anti-virus software, and other information are available from the CIAC Computer Security Archive. World Wide Web: http://www.ciac.org/ (or http://ciac.llnl.gov -- they're the same machine) Anonymous FTP: ftp.ciac.org (or ciac.llnl.gov -- they're the same machine) Modem access: +1 (925) 423-4753 (28.8K baud) +1 (925) 423-3331 (28.8K baud) CIAC has several self-subscribing mailing lists for electronic publications: 1. CIAC-BULLETIN for Advisories, highest priority - time critical information and Bulletins, important computer security information; 2. SPI-ANNOUNCE for official news about Security Profile Inspector (SPI) software updates, new features, distribution and availability; 3. SPI-NOTES, for discussion of problems and solutions regarding the use of SPI products. Our mailing lists are managed by a public domain software package called Majordomo, which ignores E-mail header subject lines. To subscribe (add yourself) to one of our mailing lists, send the following request as the E-mail message body, substituting ciac-bulletin, spi-announce OR spi-notes for list-name: E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com: subscribe list-name e.g., subscribe ciac-bulletin You will receive an acknowledgment email immediately with a confirmation that you will need to mail back to the addresses above, as per the instructions in the email. This is a partial protection to make sure you are really the one who asked to be signed up for the list in question. If you include the word 'help' in the body of an email to the above address, it will also send back an information file on how to subscribe/unsubscribe, get past issues of CIAC bulletins via email, etc. PLEASE NOTE: Many users outside of the DOE, ESnet, and NIH computing communities receive CIAC bulletins. If you are not part of these communities, please contact your agency's response team to report incidents. Your agency's team will coordinate with CIAC. The Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST) is a world-wide organization. A list of FIRST member organizations and their constituencies can be obtained via WWW at http://www.first.org/. This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the United States Government or the University of California. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or the University of California, and shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes. LAST 10 CIAC BULLETINS ISSUED (Previous bulletins available from CIAC) I-057: FreeBSD NFS Kernel Code Error I-058: SunOS rpc.nisd Vulnerability I-059: SUN ftpd Vulnerability I-060: SGI IRIX OSF/DCE Denial of Service Vulnerability I-061: SGI IRIX mediad(1M) Vulnerability I-062: SGI IRIX BIND DNS named(1M) Vulnerability I-063: RSI BSDI rlogind Vulnerability I-064: SGI IRIX mail(1), rmail(1M), sendmail(1M) Vulnerabilities I-065: SunOS ufsrestore Buller Overflow Vulnerability I-066: Vulnerability in Some Implementations of PKCS#1 - -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: 4.0 Business Edition iQCVAwUBNaD+c7nzJzdsy3QZAQFptQP+PW3T/LoN6TEfLiO5cAoXf7tXtIE9r9qy OzR7iezXNlRcwcfCeHGpszmgpc7yBNwXh+Cl0tbgA3Bripa8zYpCD8XAWevGs53U zc51LOvQjybyyrQfkG3JR7osWx3FT11Eq2+M5Zqrsp43/GTjVKR5H3nFxMF/Cd0L UduT7U/3v7M= =1N2c - -----END PGP SIGNATURE----- - --------------------------END INCLUDED TEXT-------------------- -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: 2.6.3i Charset: noconv Comment: ftp://ftp.auscert.org.au/pub/auscert/AUSCERT_PGP.key iQCVAwUBNatMYyh9+71yA2DNAQEBbgP8CrS0aTY2+pO9yEWX6sFSTg9Z4nF47Xv5 CjdW1wpZmslHUQeiEiQNVzfIboAsli1q2M5Q03RefbchTV+WTyVpLXwAUwSFKzkc MHg4AQVVjdnkfIJnWAMsQ7mq2Nw76NgLy1L/Wwe9zesktCB6lr8QQ7fxWxbaD2eU 9Uha+b3LGqc= =C6yj -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----