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                         AUSCERT Security Bulletin

                               ASB-2021.0162
            Oracle Insurance Applications Critical Patch Update
                               21 July 2021

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        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
        ---------------------------------

Product:          Oracle Insurance Policy Administration
                  Oracle Insurance Policy Administration J2EE
                  Oracle Insurance Rules Palette
Operating System: Windows
                  UNIX variants (UNIX, Linux, OSX)
Impact/Access:    Execute Arbitrary Code/Commands -- Remote/Unauthenticated
                  Access Confidential Data        -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Resolution:       Patch/Upgrade
CVE Names:        CVE-2021-22112 CVE-2020-35490 CVE-2020-25649
Reference:        ASB-2021.0157
                  ASB-2021.0153
                  ASB-2021.0087

OVERVIEW

        Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in :
         o Oracle Insurance Policy Administration, versions 11.0.2,
           11.1.0-11.3.0
         o Oracle Insurance Policy Administration J2EE, version 11.0.2
         o Oracle Insurance Rules Palette, versions 11.0.2, 11.1.0-11.3.0
        [1]


IMPACT

        The vendor has provided the following information regarding the
        vulnerabilities:
        
        "This Critical Patch Update contains 4 new security patches for
        Oracle Insurance Applications. 3 of these vulnerabilities may be
        remotely exploitable without authentication, i.e., may be exploited
        over a network without requiring user credentials." [1]
        
        CVE-2021-22112
          8.8 AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
        Supported versions that are affected are 11.2.0 and 11.3.0. Easily
        exploitable vulnerability allows low privileged attacker with network
        access via HTTP to compromise Oracle Insurance Policy Administration.
        Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of
        Oracle Insurance Policy Administration.
         Affects:
         o Oracle Insurance Policy Administration 11.2.0, 11.3.0
        
        CVE-2020-35490
          8.1 AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
        The supported version that is affected is 11.0.2. Difficult to
        exploit vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network
        access via HTTP to compromise Oracle Insurance Policy Administration
        J2EE. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover
        of Oracle Insurance Policy Administration J2EE.
         Affects:
         o Oracle Insurance Policy Administration J2EE 11.0.2
        [WARNING] Found details of CVE vary depending upon products
        
        CVE-2020-25649
          7.5 AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N
        Supported versions that are affected are 11.0.2 and 11.1.0-11.3.0.
        Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with
        network access via HTTP to compromise Oracle Insurance Policy
        Administration. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result
        in unauthorized creation, deletion or modification access to critical
        data or all Oracle Insurance Policy Administration accessible data.
         Affects:
         o Oracle Insurance Policy Administration 11.0.2, 11.1.0-11.3.0
         o Oracle Insurance Rules Palette 11.0.2, 11.1.0-11.3.0


MITIGATION

        Oracle states:
        
        "Due to the threat posed by a successful attack, Oracle strongly
        recommends that customers apply CPU fixes as soon as possible. Until
        you apply the CPU fixes, it may be possible to reduce the risk of
        successful attack by blocking network protocols required by an
        attack. For attacks that require certain privileges or access to
        certain packages, removing the privileges or the ability to access
        the packages from users that do not need the privileges may help
        reduce the risk of successful attack. Both approaches may break
        application functionality, so Oracle strongly recommends that
        customers test changes on non-production systems. Neither approach
        should be considered a long-term solution as neither corrects the
        underlying problem." [1]


REFERENCES

        [1] Oracle Critical Patch Update Advisory - July 2021
            https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpujul2021.html

        [2] Text Form of Oracle Critical Patch Update - July 2021 Risk Matrices
            https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpujul2021verbose.html

AusCERT has made every effort to ensure that the information contained
in this document is accurate.  However, the decision to use the information
described is the responsibility of each user or organisation. The decision to
follow or act on information or advice contained in this security bulletin is
the responsibility of each user or organisation, and should be considered in
accordance with your organisation's site policies and procedures. AusCERT
takes no responsibility for consequences which may arise from following or
acting on information or advice contained in this security bulletin.

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Australian Computer Emergency Response Team
The University of Queensland
Brisbane
Qld 4072

Internet Email: auscert@auscert.org.au
Facsimile:      (07) 3365 7031
Telephone:      (07) 3365 4417 (International: +61 7 3365 4417)
                AusCERT personnel answer during Queensland business hours 
                which are GMT+10:00 (AEST).
                On call after hours for member emergencies only.
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