ESB-2018.0571 - ALERT [Win][UNIX/Linux][Apple iOS][Android] SAML libraries: Multiple vulnerabilities 2018-02-28

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             AUSCERT External Security Bulletin Redistribution

                               ESB-2018.0571
        Multiple SAML libraries may allow authentication bypass via
             incorrect XML canonicalization and DOM traversal
                             28 February 2018

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        AusCERT Security Bulletin Summary
        ---------------------------------

Product:           python-saml
                   ruby-saml
                   saml2-js
                   omniauth-saml
                   Shibboleth openSAML
Publisher:         CERT/CC
Operating System:  Windows
                   UNIX variants (UNIX, Linux, OSX)
                   Apple iOS
                   Android
Impact/Access:     Access Privileged Data         -- Remote/Unauthenticated
                   Provide Misleading Information -- Remote/Unauthenticated
Resolution:        Patch/Upgrade
CVE Names:         CVE-2018-0489 CVE-2017-11430 CVE-2017-11429
                   CVE-2017-11428 CVE-2017-11427 

Original Bulletin: 
   https://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/475445

Comment: This advisory affects multiple libraries implementing SAML, which
         will have different patch schedules.

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Vulnerability Note VU#475445

Multiple SAML libraries may allow authentication bypass via incorrect XML
canonicalization and DOM traversal

Original Release date: 27 Feb 2018 | Last revised: 27 Feb 2018

Overview

Multiple SAML libraries may incorrectly utilize the results of XML DOM
traversal and canonicalization APIs in such a way that an attacker may be able
to manipulate the SAML data without invalidating the cryptographic signature,
allowing the attack to potentially bypass authentication to SAML service
providers.

Description

CWE-287: Improper Authentication

Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) is an XML-based markup language for
security assertions regarding authentication and permissions, most commonly
used for single sign-on (SSO) services.

Some XML DOM traversal and canonicalization APIs may be inconsistent in
handling of comments within XML nodes. Incorrect use of these APIs by some SAML
libraries results in incorrect parsing of the inner text of XML nodes such that
any inner text after the comment is lost prior to cryptographically signing the
SAML message. Text after the comment therefore has no impact on the signature
on the SAML message.

A remote attacker can modify SAML content for a SAML service provider without
invalidating the cryptographic signature, which may allow attackers to bypass
primary authentication for the affected SAML service provider

The following CVEs are assigned:

CVE-2017-11427 - OneLogin's "python-saml"
CVE-2017-11428 - OneLogin's "ruby-saml"
CVE-2017-11429 - Clever's "saml2-js"
CVE-2017-11430 - "OmniAuth-SAML"
CVE-2018-0489 - Shibboleth openSAML C++

More information is available in the researcher's blog post. 


Impact

By modifying SAML content without invalidating the cryptographic signature, a
remote, unauthenticated attacker may be able to bypass primary authentication
for an affected SAML service provider.


Solution

Apply updates

Affected SAML service providers should update software to utilize the latest
releases of affected SAML libraries. Please see the vendor list below for more
information.


Vendor Information (Learn More)

                 Vendor                     Status        Date     Date Updated
                                                        Notified
Clever, Inc.                             Affected     24 Jan 2018  26 Feb 2018
Duo Security                             Affected     -            22 Feb 2018
OmniAuth                                 Affected     24 Jan 2018  06 Feb 2018
OneLogin Inc                             Affected     24 Jan 2018  27 Feb 2018
Shibboleth Consortium                    Affected     24 Jan 2018  06 Feb 2018
AssureBridge                             Not Affected -            27 Feb 2018
Okta Inc.                                Not Affected 29 Jan 2018  27 Feb 2018
Box                                      Unknown      23 Feb 2018  23 Feb 2018
Cisco                                    Unknown      23 Feb 2018  23 Feb 2018
Danish e-Infrastructure Cooperation      Unknown      24 Jan 2018  24 Jan 2018
(WAYF)
Entr'ouvert                              Unknown      24 Jan 2018  24 Jan 2018
GitHub                                   Unknown      24 Jan 2018  24 Jan 2018
Google                                   Unknown      23 Feb 2018  23 Feb 2018
Microsoft                                Unknown      23 Feb 2018  23 Feb 2018
Pivotal Software, Inc.                   Unknown      24 Jan 2018  24 Jan 2018

If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

    Group     Score             Vector
Base          6.3   AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:N/A:N
Temporal      4.9   E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C
Environmental 4.9   CDP:ND/TD:ND/CR:ND/IR:ND/AR:ND

References

  * https://duo.com/blog/
    duo-finds-saml-vulnerabilities-affecting-multiple-implementations
  * https://duo.com/labs/psa/duo-psa-2017-003
  * https://shibboleth.net/community/advisories/secadv_20180112.txt
  * https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/287.html

Credit

Thanks to Kelby Ludwig of Duo Security for reporting this vulnerability.

This document was written by Garret Wassermann.

Other Information

  * CVE IDs: CVE-2017-11427 CVE-2017-11428 CVE-2017-11429 CVE-2017-11430
    CVE-2018-0489
  * Date Public: 27 Feb 2018
  * Date First Published: 27 Feb 2018
  * Date Last Updated: 27 Feb 2018
  * Document Revision: 67

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